Cytosolic phospholipase A 2-α: a potential therapeutic target for prostate cancer

Manish I. Patel, Jaskirat Singh, Marzieh Niknami, Caroline Kurek, Mu Yao, Sasa Lu, Fiona Maclean, Nicholas J C King, Michael H. Gelb, Kieran F. Scott, Pamela J. Russell, John Boulas, Qihan Dong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Cytosolic phospholipase A2-α (cPLA 2-α) provides intracellular arachidonic acid to supply both cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways. We aim to determine the expression and activation of cPLA 2-α in prostate cancer cell lines and tissue and the effect of targeting cPLA 2-α in vitro and in vivo. Experimental Design: The expression of cPLA 2-α was determined in prostate cancer cells by reverse transcription-PCR,Western blot, and immunocytochemistry. Growth inhibition, apoptosis, and cPLA 2-α activity were determined after inhibition with cPLA 2-α small interfering RNA or inhibitor (Wyeth-1). Cytosolic PLA 2-α inhibitor or vehicle was also administered to prostate cancer xenograft mouse models. Finally, the expression of phosphorylated cPLA 2-α was determined by immunohistochemistry in human normal, androgen-sensitive and androgen-insensitive prostate cancer specimens. Results: cPLA 2-α is present in all prostate cancer cells lines, but increased in androgen-insensitive cells. Inhibition with small interfering RNA or Wyeth-1 results in significant reductions in prostate cancer cell numbers, as a result of reduced proliferation as well as increased apoptosis, and this was also associated with a reduction in cPLA 2-α activity. Expression of cyclin D1 and phosphorylation of Akt were also observed to decrease. Wyeth-1 inhibited PC3 xenograft growth by ∼33% and again, also reduced cyclin D1. Immunohistochemistry of human prostate tissue revealed that phosphorylated cPLA 2-α is increased when hormone refractory is reached. Conclusions: Expression and activation of cPLA 2-α are increased in the androgen-insensitive cancer cell line and tissue. Inhibition of cPLA 2-α results in cells and xenograft tumor growth inhibition and serves as a potentially effective therapy for hormone refractory prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8070-8079
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume14
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes

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