Decision processing in memory: Factors influencing the storage and retrieval of linguistic and form identification

Steven Schwartz*, Kirk D. Witherspoon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a test of the notion that the meaning of a sentence is stored in a schematic fashion, Bransford and Franks (1971) presented the results of recognition experiments indicating that new sentences containing all of the information conveyed by simpler sentences are more likely to be misidentified as having been seen earlier than sentences containing only part of the earlier information. The present experiment, employing a signal detection framework, found this effect to be due not only to schematic organization, but to the retention of the “form ” of the originally presented sentences as well. The form of new sentences conveying only part of the earlier information was better remembered (and less frequently confused) than new, complex sentences. The implications of this finding for a schematic view of memory are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-129
Number of pages3
JournalBulletin of the Psychonomic Society
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1974
Externally publishedYes

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