Decolonizing property in Taiwan: challenging hegemonic constructions of property

Yayut Yi-Shiuan Chen, Da-Wei Kuan, Sandie Suchet-Pearson, Richard Howitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Indigenous Tayal experiences of dispossession in Taiwan reflect a familiar pattern of state-sanctioned property rights precluding recognition of Indigenous rights. This paper examines Tayal customary institutions and how they have governed, and continue to govern, land interests in customary domains. In an agricultural economy encompassing patterns of mobility and long-term movement between areas, Tayal people maintain continuing rights in land that is not currently or permanently occupied or used. However, following Second World War and Taiwan’s occupation by the Chinese Nationalist Kuomingtang party, a new system of individually registered property titles was established, only allowing registration of individual land in settled fields that were occupied and cultivated. Interests in fallowed land were not registrable and such land was reclassified as State property. The system’s enforcement in the 1950s was central to the dispossession and non-recognition of Tayal rights and parallel discourses making Indigenous people invisible. We argue that unpacking the ontologies behind hegemonic understandings of property in Taiwan offers ground for recognizing the plurality, messiness and openness that articulate contestations over time, space and property. In the context of Taiwan’s 2016 Presidential Apology to Indigenous citizens, we conclude that contested constructions of temporality and spatiality are fundamental to challenging Indigenous dispossession.

LanguageEnglish
Pages987-1006
Number of pages20
JournalEnvironment and Planning D: Society and Space
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Taiwan
property rights
right of ownership
World War
ontology
occupation
agriculture
land
citizen
discourse
rights
experience

Keywords

  • dispossession
  • Indigenous geographies
  • property
  • Taiwan
  • Tayal people
  • time–space

Cite this

@article{0d7caf437069455a8c6798cc1631c0e1,
title = "Decolonizing property in Taiwan: challenging hegemonic constructions of property",
abstract = "Indigenous Tayal experiences of dispossession in Taiwan reflect a familiar pattern of state-sanctioned property rights precluding recognition of Indigenous rights. This paper examines Tayal customary institutions and how they have governed, and continue to govern, land interests in customary domains. In an agricultural economy encompassing patterns of mobility and long-term movement between areas, Tayal people maintain continuing rights in land that is not currently or permanently occupied or used. However, following Second World War and Taiwan’s occupation by the Chinese Nationalist Kuomingtang party, a new system of individually registered property titles was established, only allowing registration of individual land in settled fields that were occupied and cultivated. Interests in fallowed land were not registrable and such land was reclassified as State property. The system’s enforcement in the 1950s was central to the dispossession and non-recognition of Tayal rights and parallel discourses making Indigenous people invisible. We argue that unpacking the ontologies behind hegemonic understandings of property in Taiwan offers ground for recognizing the plurality, messiness and openness that articulate contestations over time, space and property. In the context of Taiwan’s 2016 Presidential Apology to Indigenous citizens, we conclude that contested constructions of temporality and spatiality are fundamental to challenging Indigenous dispossession.",
keywords = "dispossession, Indigenous geographies, property, Taiwan, Tayal people, time–space",
author = "Chen, {Yayut Yi-Shiuan} and Da-Wei Kuan and Sandie Suchet-Pearson and Richard Howitt",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1177/0263775818799751",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "987--1006",
journal = "Environment and Planning D: Society and Space",
issn = "0263-7758",
publisher = "Pion",
number = "6",

}

Decolonizing property in Taiwan : challenging hegemonic constructions of property. / Chen, Yayut Yi-Shiuan; Kuan, Da-Wei; Suchet-Pearson, Sandie; Howitt, Richard.

In: Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, Vol. 36, No. 6, 12.2018, p. 987-1006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Decolonizing property in Taiwan

T2 - Environment and Planning D: Society and Space

AU - Chen, Yayut Yi-Shiuan

AU - Kuan, Da-Wei

AU - Suchet-Pearson, Sandie

AU - Howitt, Richard

PY - 2018/12

Y1 - 2018/12

N2 - Indigenous Tayal experiences of dispossession in Taiwan reflect a familiar pattern of state-sanctioned property rights precluding recognition of Indigenous rights. This paper examines Tayal customary institutions and how they have governed, and continue to govern, land interests in customary domains. In an agricultural economy encompassing patterns of mobility and long-term movement between areas, Tayal people maintain continuing rights in land that is not currently or permanently occupied or used. However, following Second World War and Taiwan’s occupation by the Chinese Nationalist Kuomingtang party, a new system of individually registered property titles was established, only allowing registration of individual land in settled fields that were occupied and cultivated. Interests in fallowed land were not registrable and such land was reclassified as State property. The system’s enforcement in the 1950s was central to the dispossession and non-recognition of Tayal rights and parallel discourses making Indigenous people invisible. We argue that unpacking the ontologies behind hegemonic understandings of property in Taiwan offers ground for recognizing the plurality, messiness and openness that articulate contestations over time, space and property. In the context of Taiwan’s 2016 Presidential Apology to Indigenous citizens, we conclude that contested constructions of temporality and spatiality are fundamental to challenging Indigenous dispossession.

AB - Indigenous Tayal experiences of dispossession in Taiwan reflect a familiar pattern of state-sanctioned property rights precluding recognition of Indigenous rights. This paper examines Tayal customary institutions and how they have governed, and continue to govern, land interests in customary domains. In an agricultural economy encompassing patterns of mobility and long-term movement between areas, Tayal people maintain continuing rights in land that is not currently or permanently occupied or used. However, following Second World War and Taiwan’s occupation by the Chinese Nationalist Kuomingtang party, a new system of individually registered property titles was established, only allowing registration of individual land in settled fields that were occupied and cultivated. Interests in fallowed land were not registrable and such land was reclassified as State property. The system’s enforcement in the 1950s was central to the dispossession and non-recognition of Tayal rights and parallel discourses making Indigenous people invisible. We argue that unpacking the ontologies behind hegemonic understandings of property in Taiwan offers ground for recognizing the plurality, messiness and openness that articulate contestations over time, space and property. In the context of Taiwan’s 2016 Presidential Apology to Indigenous citizens, we conclude that contested constructions of temporality and spatiality are fundamental to challenging Indigenous dispossession.

KW - dispossession

KW - Indigenous geographies

KW - property

KW - Taiwan

KW - Tayal people

KW - time–space

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057207594&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0263775818799751

DO - 10.1177/0263775818799751

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 987

EP - 1006

JO - Environment and Planning D: Society and Space

JF - Environment and Planning D: Society and Space

SN - 0263-7758

IS - 6

ER -