The current ongoing COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has severely affected our daily life routines and behavior patterns. According to the World Health Organization, there have been 93 million confirmed cases with more than 1.99 million confirmed death around 235 Countries, areas or territories until 15 January 2021, 11:00 GMT+11. People who are affected with COVID-19 have different symptoms from people to people. When large amounts of patients are affected with COVID-19, it is important to quickly identify the health conditions of patients based on the basic information and symptoms of patients. Then the hospital can arrange reasonable medical resources for different patients. However, existing work has a low recall of 15.7% for survival predictions based on the basic information of patients (i.e., false positive rate (FPR) with 84.3%, FPR: actually survival but predicted as died). There is much room for improvement when using machine learning-based techniques for COVID-19 prediction. In this paper, we propose DeCoP to train a classifier to predict the survival of COVID-19 patients with high recall and F1 score. DeCoP is a deep learning (DL)-based scheme of Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (BiLSTM) along with Fuzzy-based Information Decomposition (FID) to predict the survival of patients. First of all, we apply FID oversampling to redistribute the training data of the Open COVID-19 Data Working Group. Then, we employ BiLSTM to learn the high-level feature representations from the redistributed dataset. After that, the high-level feature vector will be used to train the prediction model. Experimental results show that our proposed scheme achieves outstanding performances. Precisely, the improvement achieves about 19% and 18% in terms of recall and F1-measure.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological, and Multi-Scale Communications
|Early online date
|8 Jun 2022
|Published - Dec 2022