Decrease in p3-Alcβ37 and p3-Alcβ40, products of Alcadein β generated by γ-secretase cleavages, in aged monkeys and patients with Alzheimer's disease

Saori Hata*, Chiori Omori, Ayano Kimura, Haruka Saito, Nobuyuki Kimura, Veer Gupta, Steve Pedrini, Eugene Hone, Pratishtha Chatterjee, Kevin Taddei, Kensaku Kasuga, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Masaaki Waragai, Masaki Nishimura, Anqi Hu, Tadashi Nakaya, Laurent Meijer, Masahiro Maeda, Tohru Yamamoto, Colin L. Masters & 6 others Chris C. Rowe, David Ames, Kazuo Yamamoto, Ralph N. Martins, Sam Gandy, Toshiharu Suzuki

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Introduction: Neuronal p3-Alcβ peptides are generated from the precursor protein Alcadein β (Alcβ) through cleavage by α- and γ-secretases of the amyloid β (Aβ) protein precursor (APP). To reveal whether p3-Alcβ is involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) contributes for the development of novel therapy and/or drug targets. Methods: We developed new sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (sELISA) systems to quantitate levels of p3-Alcβ in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Results: In monkeys, CSF p3-Alcβ decreases with age, and the aging is also accompanied by decreased brain expression of Alcβ. In humans, CSF p3-Alcβ levels decrease to a greater extent in those with AD than in age-matched controls. Subjects carrying presenilin gene mutations show a significantly lower CSF p3-Alcβ level. A cell study with an inverse modulator of γ-secretase remarkably reduces the generation of p3-Alcβ37 while increasing the production of Aβ42. Discussion: Aging decreases the generation of p3-Alcβ, and further significant decrease of p3-Alcβ caused by aberrant γ-secretase activity may accelerate pathogenesis in AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)740-750
Number of pages11
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Aftin-5
  • Alcadein
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid β-peptide
  • Calsyntenin
  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • p3-Alc
  • γ-secretase

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