Deep Chandra observations of the stripped galaxy group falling into Abell 2142

D. Eckert, M. Gaspari, M. S. Owers, E. Roediger, S. Molendi, F. Gastaldello, S. Paltani, S. Ettori, T. Venturi, M. Rossetti, L. Rudnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the local Universe, the growth of massive galaxy clusters mainly operates through the continuous accretion of group-scale systems. The infalling group in Abell 2142 is the poster child of such an accreting group, and as such, it is an ideal target to study the astrophysical processes induced by structure formation. We present the results of a deep (200 ks) observation of this structure with Chandra that highlights the complexity of this system in exquisite detail. In the core of the group, the spatial resolution of Chandra reveals a leading edge and complex AGN-induced activity. The morphology of the stripped gas tail appears straight in the innermost 250 kpc, suggesting that magnetic draping efficiently shields the gas from its surroundings. However, beyond -300 kpc from the core, the tail flares and the morphology becomes strongly irregular, which could be explained by a breaking of the drape, for example, caused by turbulent motions. The power spectrum of surface-brightness fluctuations is relatively flat (P2Dk-2.3), which indicates that thermal conduction is strongly inhibited even beyond the region where magnetic draping is effective. The amplitude of density fluctuations in the tail is consistent with a mild level of turbulence with a Mach number M3D - 0.1 - 0.25. Overall, our results show that the processes leading to the thermalization and mixing of the infalling gas are slow and relatively inefficient.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA25
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume605
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
  • galaxies: groups: general
  • large-scale structure of Universe
  • x-rays: galaxies: clusters

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Deep <i>Chandra</i> observations of the stripped galaxy group falling into Abell 2142'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Eckert, D., Gaspari, M., Owers, M. S., Roediger, E., Molendi, S., Gastaldello, F., ... Rudnick, L. (2017). Deep Chandra observations of the stripped galaxy group falling into Abell 2142. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 605, 1-12. [A25]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201730555