Deformation of mantle pyroxenites provides clues to geodynamic processes in subduction zones: case study of the Cabo Ortegal Complex, Spain

Hadrien Henry, Romain Tilhac, William L. Griffin, Suzanne Y. O'Reilly, Takako Satsukawa, Mary-Alix Kaczmarek, Michel Grégoire, Georges Ceuleneer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In the Herbeira massif, Cabo Ortegal Complex, Spain, a well exposed assemblage of deformed dunites and pyroxenites offers a unique opportunity to investigate key upper mantle tectonic processes. Four types of pyroxenites are recognized: clinopyroxenites with enclosed dunitic lenses (type-1), massive websterites (type-2), foliated and commonly highly amphibolitized clinopyroxenites (type-3) and orthopyroxenites (type-4). Field and petrological observations together with EBSD analysis provide new insights on the physical behavior of the pyroxenes and their conditions of deformation and reveal the unexpected journey of the Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites.

We show that, during deformation, type-1 pyroxenites, due to their enclosed dunitic lenses, are more likely to localize the deformation than types-2 and -4 pyroxenites and may latter act as preferred pathway for fluid/melt percolation, eventually resulting in type-3 pyroxenites. All pyroxenite types display a similar response to deformation. Orthopyroxene deformed mostly by dislocation creep; it shows kink bands and undulose extinction and its fabric is dominated by [001](100). Clinopyroxene displays subgrain rotation, dynamic recrystallization and fabric with [010] axes clustering next to the foliation pole and [001] axes clustering next to the lineation suggesting activation of [001]{110} and [001](100) in some samples. These observations are in good agreement with deformation at temperatures greater than 1000 °C. Olivine in type-1 and type-4 pyroxenites shows [100](010) or [001](010) fabrics that are consistent with deformation at temperatures >1000 °C and may indicate deformation in a hydrous environment. The amphibole [001](100) fabric gives insights on a lower-temperature deformation episode (∼800 to 500 °C). Our results, interpreted in the light of published experimental data, together with the regional geological and geochemical studies are consistent with the following tectonic evolution of the Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites: (1) delamination from an arc root in a mantle-wedge setting at temperatures above 1000 °C and (2) introduction into a relatively softer subduction channel where deformation was accommodated by localized shear zones, thus preserving the high-temperature fabrics of pyroxenites. The Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites may therefore be seen as a rare exposure of deformed mantle-wedge material.

LanguageEnglish
Pages174-185
Number of pages12
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume472
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2017

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Geodynamics
geodynamics
Spain
subduction zone
Earth mantle
mantle
Tectonics
wedges
tectonics
Lenses
Temperature
Amphibole Asbestos
kink bands
lenses
kink band
dislocation creep
pyroxenes
Dynamic recrystallization
pyroxenite
amphiboles

Keywords

  • mantle pyroxenites microstructure
  • enstatite
  • diopside
  • supra subduction processes
  • subduction conduit
  • MTex

Cite this

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title = "Deformation of mantle pyroxenites provides clues to geodynamic processes in subduction zones: case study of the Cabo Ortegal Complex, Spain",
abstract = "In the Herbeira massif, Cabo Ortegal Complex, Spain, a well exposed assemblage of deformed dunites and pyroxenites offers a unique opportunity to investigate key upper mantle tectonic processes. Four types of pyroxenites are recognized: clinopyroxenites with enclosed dunitic lenses (type-1), massive websterites (type-2), foliated and commonly highly amphibolitized clinopyroxenites (type-3) and orthopyroxenites (type-4). Field and petrological observations together with EBSD analysis provide new insights on the physical behavior of the pyroxenes and their conditions of deformation and reveal the unexpected journey of the Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites. We show that, during deformation, type-1 pyroxenites, due to their enclosed dunitic lenses, are more likely to localize the deformation than types-2 and -4 pyroxenites and may latter act as preferred pathway for fluid/melt percolation, eventually resulting in type-3 pyroxenites. All pyroxenite types display a similar response to deformation. Orthopyroxene deformed mostly by dislocation creep; it shows kink bands and undulose extinction and its fabric is dominated by [001](100). Clinopyroxene displays subgrain rotation, dynamic recrystallization and fabric with [010] axes clustering next to the foliation pole and [001] axes clustering next to the lineation suggesting activation of [001]{110} and [001](100) in some samples. These observations are in good agreement with deformation at temperatures greater than 1000 °C. Olivine in type-1 and type-4 pyroxenites shows [100](010) or [001](010) fabrics that are consistent with deformation at temperatures >1000 °C and may indicate deformation in a hydrous environment. The amphibole [001](100) fabric gives insights on a lower-temperature deformation episode (∼800 to 500 °C). Our results, interpreted in the light of published experimental data, together with the regional geological and geochemical studies are consistent with the following tectonic evolution of the Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites: (1) delamination from an arc root in a mantle-wedge setting at temperatures above 1000 °C and (2) introduction into a relatively softer subduction channel where deformation was accommodated by localized shear zones, thus preserving the high-temperature fabrics of pyroxenites. The Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites may therefore be seen as a rare exposure of deformed mantle-wedge material.",
keywords = "mantle pyroxenites microstructure, enstatite, diopside, supra subduction processes, subduction conduit, MTex",
author = "Hadrien Henry and Romain Tilhac and Griffin, {William L.} and O'Reilly, {Suzanne Y.} and Takako Satsukawa and Mary-Alix Kaczmarek and Michel Gr{\'e}goire and Georges Ceuleneer",
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T1 - Deformation of mantle pyroxenites provides clues to geodynamic processes in subduction zones

T2 - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

AU - Henry, Hadrien

AU - Tilhac, Romain

AU - Griffin, William L.

AU - O'Reilly, Suzanne Y.

AU - Satsukawa, Takako

AU - Kaczmarek, Mary-Alix

AU - Grégoire, Michel

AU - Ceuleneer, Georges

PY - 2017/8/15

Y1 - 2017/8/15

N2 - In the Herbeira massif, Cabo Ortegal Complex, Spain, a well exposed assemblage of deformed dunites and pyroxenites offers a unique opportunity to investigate key upper mantle tectonic processes. Four types of pyroxenites are recognized: clinopyroxenites with enclosed dunitic lenses (type-1), massive websterites (type-2), foliated and commonly highly amphibolitized clinopyroxenites (type-3) and orthopyroxenites (type-4). Field and petrological observations together with EBSD analysis provide new insights on the physical behavior of the pyroxenes and their conditions of deformation and reveal the unexpected journey of the Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites. We show that, during deformation, type-1 pyroxenites, due to their enclosed dunitic lenses, are more likely to localize the deformation than types-2 and -4 pyroxenites and may latter act as preferred pathway for fluid/melt percolation, eventually resulting in type-3 pyroxenites. All pyroxenite types display a similar response to deformation. Orthopyroxene deformed mostly by dislocation creep; it shows kink bands and undulose extinction and its fabric is dominated by [001](100). Clinopyroxene displays subgrain rotation, dynamic recrystallization and fabric with [010] axes clustering next to the foliation pole and [001] axes clustering next to the lineation suggesting activation of [001]{110} and [001](100) in some samples. These observations are in good agreement with deformation at temperatures greater than 1000 °C. Olivine in type-1 and type-4 pyroxenites shows [100](010) or [001](010) fabrics that are consistent with deformation at temperatures >1000 °C and may indicate deformation in a hydrous environment. The amphibole [001](100) fabric gives insights on a lower-temperature deformation episode (∼800 to 500 °C). Our results, interpreted in the light of published experimental data, together with the regional geological and geochemical studies are consistent with the following tectonic evolution of the Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites: (1) delamination from an arc root in a mantle-wedge setting at temperatures above 1000 °C and (2) introduction into a relatively softer subduction channel where deformation was accommodated by localized shear zones, thus preserving the high-temperature fabrics of pyroxenites. The Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites may therefore be seen as a rare exposure of deformed mantle-wedge material.

AB - In the Herbeira massif, Cabo Ortegal Complex, Spain, a well exposed assemblage of deformed dunites and pyroxenites offers a unique opportunity to investigate key upper mantle tectonic processes. Four types of pyroxenites are recognized: clinopyroxenites with enclosed dunitic lenses (type-1), massive websterites (type-2), foliated and commonly highly amphibolitized clinopyroxenites (type-3) and orthopyroxenites (type-4). Field and petrological observations together with EBSD analysis provide new insights on the physical behavior of the pyroxenes and their conditions of deformation and reveal the unexpected journey of the Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites. We show that, during deformation, type-1 pyroxenites, due to their enclosed dunitic lenses, are more likely to localize the deformation than types-2 and -4 pyroxenites and may latter act as preferred pathway for fluid/melt percolation, eventually resulting in type-3 pyroxenites. All pyroxenite types display a similar response to deformation. Orthopyroxene deformed mostly by dislocation creep; it shows kink bands and undulose extinction and its fabric is dominated by [001](100). Clinopyroxene displays subgrain rotation, dynamic recrystallization and fabric with [010] axes clustering next to the foliation pole and [001] axes clustering next to the lineation suggesting activation of [001]{110} and [001](100) in some samples. These observations are in good agreement with deformation at temperatures greater than 1000 °C. Olivine in type-1 and type-4 pyroxenites shows [100](010) or [001](010) fabrics that are consistent with deformation at temperatures >1000 °C and may indicate deformation in a hydrous environment. The amphibole [001](100) fabric gives insights on a lower-temperature deformation episode (∼800 to 500 °C). Our results, interpreted in the light of published experimental data, together with the regional geological and geochemical studies are consistent with the following tectonic evolution of the Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites: (1) delamination from an arc root in a mantle-wedge setting at temperatures above 1000 °C and (2) introduction into a relatively softer subduction channel where deformation was accommodated by localized shear zones, thus preserving the high-temperature fabrics of pyroxenites. The Cabo Ortegal pyroxenites may therefore be seen as a rare exposure of deformed mantle-wedge material.

KW - mantle pyroxenites microstructure

KW - enstatite

KW - diopside

KW - supra subduction processes

KW - subduction conduit

KW - MTex

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U2 - 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.05.028

DO - 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.05.028

M3 - Article

VL - 472

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JO - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

JF - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

SN - 0012-821X

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