Density wave streaming motions in stars along the sagittarius spiral arm

A. Fresneau*, A. E. Vaughan, R. W. Argyle

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)


    A magnitude-limited photographic survey of relative proper-motion components and B, V photometry of 1.3 × 106 stars brighter than apparent B magnitude 14.5 ± 0.5 in the fourth Galactic quadrant is converted into a distance-limited survey of 3.26 x 105 stars up to a distance of 500 pc. A streaming motion of 13.5 ± 0.5 km s-1 is detected in 4.1 × 104 Population I stellar candidates with an orbital perigalactic center located at 6.8 kpc ≤ R ≤ 7.2 kpc, with a Sun location Rsol = 8.5 kpc. A density perturbation of ∼0.1 M pc-3 in the Galactic field potential at R0 ∼ 6.8 kpc is interpreted as resulting from the density wave connected with the Sagittarius-Carina spiral arm. A set of 1.4 × 104 stars of mass ∼ 1.5 ± 0.75 M identify a pitch angle of 10° ±1° and a migration time from the Sagittarius spiral arm into the greater solar neighborhood of ∼35 Myr.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2701-2716
    Number of pages16
    JournalAstronomical Journal
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005


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