Design and analysis of m-segment fractal boundary antennas

Jeevani Jayasinghe*, Omar Saraereh, Rajas Khokle, Karu Esselle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article investigates the resonant behavior of a novel family of fractal boundary antennas at the fundamental mode of operation. The miniaturization patterns over iterations as well as over the number of segments on the boundary have been studied by simulating the fractal antennas in High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS). The antennas are fed by a 50-Ω coaxial probe, which is placed at the best position on the patch, with impedance matching and S11 < −10 dB. Analysis of the resonant frequency with respect to the square-shaped fractal generator resulted in curve-fit expressions that vary with a single variable of either iteration or number of segments on the boundary. The derived equations are independent from the substrate thickness. They are useful to design miniature patch antennas within a specified area in order to resonate at a desired frequency by simply changing the boundary or the fractal iteration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2119-2125
Number of pages7
JournalMicrowave and Optical Technology Letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019


  • curve fitting
  • fractal antennas
  • optimization


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