Detection of a coherent magnetic field in the Magellanic Bridge through Faraday rotation

J. F. Kaczmarek*, C. R. Purcell, B. M. Gaensler, N. M. McClure-Griffiths, J. Stevens

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We present an investigation into the magnetism of the Magellanic Bridge, carried out through the observation of Faraday rotation towards 167 polarized extragalactic radio sources spanning the continuous frequency range of 1.3-3.1 GHz with the Australia Telescope Compact Array. Comparing measured Faraday depth values of sources 'on' and 'off' the Bridge, we find that the two populations are implicitly different. Assuming that this difference in populations is due to a coherent field in the Magellanic Bridge, the observed Faraday depths indicate a median lineof- sight coherent magnetic-field strength of B|| ≃ 0.3 μG directed uniformly away from us. Motivated by the varying magnitude of Faraday depths of sources on the Bridge, we speculate that the coherent field observed in the Bridge is a consequence of the coherent magnetic fields from the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds being pulled into the tidal feature. This is the first observation of a coherent magnetic field spanning the entirety of the Magellanic Bridge and we argue that this is a direct probe of a 'pan-Magellanic' field.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1776-1794
    Number of pages19
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume467
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2017

    Keywords

    • Galaxies: magnetic fields
    • Magellanic Clouds
    • Polarization

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