This paper reports the immediate effects of thrombolysis and their subsequent influence on revascularisation procedures and clinical outcome over the subsequent twelve months. Coronary arteriography was performed at 21 days on 131 of 145 patients who received recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (n = 68) or placebo (n = 63) within 2.5 hours of symptom onset after primary coronary occlusion. Patency rates (TIMI grades 2 and 3) of the infarct-related artery were 81% with plasminogen activator and 63% with placebo (P = 0.02). Early (within 21 days) angiography for recurrent ischaemia was necessary in 31 (21%) patients (20 plasminogen activator, 11 placebo NS) and definite reinfarction occurred in 8 (5%) patients (4 plasminogen activator, 4 placebo). During one year follow-up without planned secondary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting was more frequent in patients who had received thrombolytic therapy (23% plasminogen activator, 4% placebo P = 0.001); coronary angioplasty procedures were similar in both groups (12% plasminogen activator, 11% placebo NS). Mortality at 21 days was 5% (4 plasminogen activator, 4 placebo) and at one year was 7% (5 plasminogen activator, 5 placebo). Logistic regression analysis identified models comprising characteristics predictive of subsequent bypass grafting (plasminogen activator, multivessel disease, occluded infarct-related artery) and coronary angioplasty (non-q wave infarction, severe (91-99%) residual stenosis, left anterior descending infarct-related artery). Initial non-q wave infarction was the only predictor of early recurrent ischemia (odds ratio 4, P = 0.02) irrespective of residual stenosis severity.
- Acute myocardial infarction
- Recurrent ischemia