Determination of retinal nerve fibre layer and ganglion cell/inner plexiform layers progression rates using two optical coherence tomography systems: the PROGRESSA study

Danit Saks*, Angela Schulz, Jamie Craig, Stuart Graham, the PROGRESSA Study Group

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Importance: Glaucoma progression rates may differ depending on the retinal structural parameters measured, and between devices. Background: To compare retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell/inner plexiform layers (GCL/IPL) progression rates using two spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems. Design: Prospective, university hospital setting. Participants: Cross-sectional study: 100 eyes from 53 glaucoma suspects and early manifest glaucoma cases. Longitudinal study: subset of 61 eyes from 33 participants. Methods: Same day optic nerve and macular images were acquired using Cirrus and Spectralis systems from which RNFL and GCL/IPL thicknesses were calculated. Longitudinal analysis of RNFL and GCL/IPL progression rates was calculated from 6 × 6-monthly follow-up OCT scans. Main Outcome Measures: RNFL and GCL/IPL thicknesses in matched superior, inferior and global regions were compared by both systems cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Results: At baseline, no RNFL thicknesses differed between devices. Cirrus GCL/IPL regions were significantly thicker than Spectralis (P <.001). RNFL and GCL/IPL global progression rates (μm/y) had a mean (SD) of −1.28 (1.11) and 95% CI: (−1.48, −1.09) and −0.51 (0.58) and 95% CI: (−0.62, −0.41), respectively. Progression rates were similar across devices. RNFL loss (%) progressed significantly faster than GCL/IPL, in all regions (P ≤.004). Conclusion and Relevance: Despite baseline thickness differences, overall Cirrus and Spectralis provided similar rates of RNFL and GCL/IPL progression in early glaucoma and can be considered comparable, though not interchangeable, in clinical practice. Further analysis is needed to determine if RNFL progresses faster than GCL/IPL in glaucoma, and whether one precedes the other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-926
Number of pages12
JournalClinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume48
Issue number7
Early online date9 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • ganglion cell layer
  • glaucoma
  • optical coherence tomography
  • retinal nerve fibre layer

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