Determinism, independence, and objectivity are incompatible

Radu Ionicioiu, Robert B. Mann, Daniel R. Terno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)


Hidden-variable models aim to reproduce the results of quantum theory and to satisfy our classical intuition. Their refutation is usually based on deriving predictions that are different from those of quantum mechanics. Here instead we study the mutual compatibility of apparently reasonable classical assumptions. We analyze a version of the delayed-choice experiment which ostensibly combines determinism, independence of hidden variables on the conducted experiments, and wave-particle objectivity (the assertion that quantum systems are, at any moment, either particles or waves, but not both). These three ideas are incompatible with any theory, not only with quantum mechanics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number060405
Pages (from-to)060405-1-060405-5
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2015

Bibliographical note

Radu Ionicioiu, Robert B. Mann, and Daniel R. Terno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 060405, 2015. Copyright (2015) by the American Physical Society. The original article can be found at


Dive into the research topics of 'Determinism, independence, and objectivity are incompatible'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this