Geochemical and Sr-Nd isotope data for Mesozoic greywackes of New Caledonia terranes, indicate a forearc tectonic environment at the Eastern Gondwanaland margin, but they support only minor continental influences. Detrital-zircon U-Pb age patterns for the greywackes in these terranes similarly reflect an active-margin tectonic environment of Late Triassic, Late Jurassic, and in particular mid-Cretaceous, depocentres which comprise much contemporaneous volcanic detritus, but also include minor sediment inputs from Precambrian-Early Paleozoic continental clastic rocks. The contemporary volcanic sources are probably now hidden within a former hinterland to New Caledonia, such as Lord Howe Rise or Marion Plateau. The older, continental sediment sources were probably in northeastern-most Queensland, and beyond the northern extremity of the New England Orogen. Such sediments could have been supplied on long rivers, and submarine longshore current systems outboard of the orogen. Alternatively, the depocentres could have been consolidated close to the contemporary Gondwanaland margin and then tectonically transported, as suspect terranes, southwards in Early Cretaceous times to their present New Caledonia position.