Developing the auditory processing domains questionnaire (APDQ): a differential screening tool for auditory processing disorder

Brian O’Hara, Kiri Mealings*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a screening questionnaire for auditory processing disorder (APD). Design: Fifty-two questions were created to enable parent/teacher proxies to rate students listening skills in terms of auditory processing, attention and language factors. Study sample: Parents rated their child’s frequency of competent performance (regularly, often, sometimes or rarely) on 52 questions. Scores were calculated for three scales: auditory processing, attention and language. Data was collected from 198 normal controls, 20 students with auditory processing disorder, 40 students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and 10 students with a learning disability. Subjects were split into a younger group (7–10 y) and an older group (11–17 y). Results: Factor analysis revealed substantial internal validity. Analysis of external validity using a regression model revealed significant differences between normal and clinical groups for all scales (p < 0.001) and also significantly separated the three clinical groups. A group differential analysis of scale score results clearly demonstrated inter-group differences at 89% (on average) sensitivity and specificity levels. Conclusion: The auditory processing domains questionnaire appears to be an effective screening questionnaire for APD with scale score patterns likely to be helpful in making appropriate clinical referrals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)764-775
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the Kaiser Hawaii Center for Health Research for enabling the collection of the subject data, Tim Holmes for developing the Excel scoring sheet and Mark Seeto for statistical advice. We also thank Harvey Dillon and Sharon Cameron for their helpful assistance.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, © 2018 British Society of Audiology, International Society of Audiology, and Nordic Audiological Society.

Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • auditory processing disorder
  • screening questionnaire
  • attention deficitlanguage deficit
  • attention deficit


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