A tryptophan metabolite of microbial origin, indole-3-carboxaldehyde (3-IAld), has been recently identified as a Janus molecule that, acting at the host-pathogen interface and activating the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, can result as a potential candidate to treat infections as well as diseases with an inflammatory and/or immune component. In this work, an inhaled dry powder of 3-IAld was developed and evaluated for its efficacy, compared to oral and intranasal administration using an aspergillosis model of infection and inflammation. The obtained inhalable dry powder was shown to: i) be suitable to be delivered for pulmonary administration, ii) possess good toxicological safety, and iii) be superior to other administration modalities (oral and intranasal) in reducing disease scores by acting on infection and inflammation. This study supports the use of 3-IAld inhalable dry powders as a potential novel therapeutic tool to target inflammation and infection in pulmonary diseases.
- Inhaled dry powders
- Pulmonary infections