Development and psychometric evaluation of the Milwaukee Psychotherapy Expectations Questionnaire

Melissa M. Norberg*, Chad T. Wetterneck, Daniel A. Sass, Jonathan W. Kanter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


The Milwaukee Psychotherapy Expectations Questionnaire (MPEQ) was developed to measure clients' expectations about the components and effects of therapy. Items were generated rationally based upon the theoretical literature and existing expectancy measures. An exploratory factor analysis revealed a 2-factor solution, comprised of Process Expectations and Outcome Expectations, which was supported by confirmatory factor analyses in three additional samples. The measure demonstrated good internal consistency and test-retest reliability, along with support for convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity. These results present initial evidence for the utility of the MPEQ in assessing both process and outcome expectations in therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-590
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes


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