Development and validation of cultural and academic experience questionnaire: a study of east Asian research students at Australian universities

Yasir Latif*, Neil Harrison, Hye Eun Chu

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)
    5 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    This article documents the development of a questionnaire designed to measure the cultural and academic experiences (CAEQ) of East Asian research students enrolled at Australian universities. The CAEQ comprises three subscales: sense of belonging, learning strategies and perception of progress. The scale was designed based on literature studies and ideas from previous scales. The target groups were doctoral students from Bangladesh, China, India, and Pakistan enrolled at Australian universities. Initially, 295 students responded to an online survey and 211 research students completed it. A factor analysis was conducted to explore the components of each scale. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed that there are 2–4 significantly correlated components of each subscale. The developed scales in this study can be used by universities to monitor the academic progress and research progress of their international students from the East Asian region, along with ensuring that these students have improved cultural and academic experiences in the Australian higher education sector.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number148
    Pages (from-to)1-19
    Number of pages19
    JournalEducation sciences
    Volume10
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright the Author(s) 2020. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

    Keywords

    • East Asian students
    • scale-development
    • learning strategies
    • sense of belonging
    • perception of progress

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