Development of a smart home for elder-people based on wireless sensors

Anuroop Gaddam*, Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay, Gourab Sen Gupta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A smart home specifically for the elder people has been plannedto be developed using wireless sensors. The design intricacies andimplementation details of a novel Wireless Sensors systems has been targetedto achieve that. The system is designed to support people who wish to livealone but, because of old age, ill health or disability, there is some riskin this, which worries their family or friends. The system works on theprinciple of using sensor units (SU) to monitor the appliance throughout ahouse and detect when certain desired electrical equipments are turned on.Rules are defined for appliances to turn on in certain time intervals. Therules are flexible and can be user-defined based on the daily activities ofa person. Several levels of alarm conditions have been created based oncombination of rules that are violated. Any number of sensor units may beinstalled in a house, one each to monitor an electrical appliance. A centralcontroller unit (CCU) queries the sensor units and logs the data into a PCat a pre-defined rate. Communication between the SUs and the controller isusing radio-frequency wireless media. The rules inference engine runs on thePC and whenever the situation requires, sends a text message to thecare-givers or relatives. Since no vision sensors (camera or infra-red) areused, the system is non-invasive, respects privacy and has found wideacceptance. The system is completely customizable, allowing the user toselect which appliances to monitor and define exactly what is classified asunusual behavior. Some other sensors such as bed sensors, gas sensor etc.,are considered to make the system a complete system suitable to define adigital home.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmart sensors and sensing technology
EditorsSubhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay, G. Sen Gupta
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Pages361-379
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9783540795902
ISBN (Print)9783540795896
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST 2007 - Palmerston North, New Zealand
Duration: 26 Nov 200728 Nov 2007

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
Volume20 LNEE
ISSN (Print)18761100
ISSN (Electronic)18761119

Other

Other2nd International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST 2007
CountryNew Zealand
CityPalmerston North
Period26/11/0728/11/07

Keywords

  • bed sensor
  • current sensing
  • elderly care
  • forcesensor
  • hardware interfacing
  • non-intrusive monitoring system
  • radio frequencycommunication
  • Smart home
  • wireless sensor network

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