Development of the everyday conversational sentences in noise test

Kelly M. Miles, Gitte Keidser, Katrina Freeston, Timothy Beechey, Virginia Best, Jörg M. Buchholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To capture the demands of real-world listening, laboratory-based speech-in-noise tasks must better reflect the types of speech and environments listeners encounter in everyday life. This article reports the development of original sentence materials that were produced spontaneously with varying vocal efforts. These sentences were extracted from conversations between a talker pair (female/male) communicating in different realistic acoustic environments to elicit normal, raised and loud vocal efforts. In total, 384 sentences were extracted to provide four equivalent lists of 16 sentences at the three efforts for the two talkers. The sentences were presented to 32 young, normally hearing participants in stationary noise at five signal-to-noise ratios from -8 to 0 dB in 2 dB steps. Psychometric functions were fitted for each sentence, revealing an average 50% speech reception threshold (SRT50) of -5.2 dB, and an average slope of 17.2%/dB. Sentences were then level-normalised to adjust their individual SRT50 to the mean (-5.2 dB). The sentences may be combined with realistic background noise to provide an assessment method that better captures the perceptual demands of everyday communication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1562-1576
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume147
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

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