Developmental dyslexia: The visual attention span deficit hypothesis

Marie Line Bosse, Marie Josèphe Tainturier, Sylviane Valdois*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

515 Citations (Scopus)


The visual attention (VA) span is defined as the amount of distinct visual elements which can be processed in parallel in a multi-element array. Both recent empirical data and theoretical accounts suggest that a VA span deficit might contribute to developmental dyslexia, independently of a phonological disorder. In this study, this hypothesis was assessed in two large samples of French and British dyslexic children whose performance was compared to that of chronological-age matched control children. Results of the French study show that the VA span capacities account for a substantial amount of unique variance in reading, as do phonological skills. The British study replicates this finding and further reveals that the contribution of the VA span to reading performance remains even after controlling IQ, verbal fluency, vocabulary and single letter identification skills, in addition to phoneme awareness. In both studies, most dyslexic children exhibit a selective phonological or VA span disorder. Overall, these findings support a multi-factorial view of developmental dyslexia. In many cases, developmental reading disorders do not seem to be due to phonological disorders. We propose that a VA span deficit is a likely alternative underlying cognitive deficit in dyslexia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-230
Number of pages33
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Children
  • Developmental dyslexia
  • Dyslexic subtypes
  • French
  • Phoneme awareness
  • Reading acquisition
  • Visual attention span


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