Developmental language disorders

Kate Nation*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Difficulty with language is one of the most common reasons for referral to health professionals during the preschool years. Language difficulties are associated with many developmental disorders, such as autism, but for children with specific language impairment (SLI) language problems are relatively specific. SLI is a neurodevelopmental disorder with heritable bases. Patterns of inheritance are complex, suggesting multiple genes operating probabilistically alongside multiple environmental risk factors. This complexity is mirrored by a complex and heterogeneous phenotype. Children with persistent language impairment are at risk of psychosocial and behaviour problems as well as poor literacy and low educational achievement. A challenge for future work is to understand how genetic and environmental factors impinge on brain development, as well as to develop and refine methods of assessment and intervention.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)266-269
    Number of pages4
    JournalPsychiatry
    Volume7
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

    Keywords

    • autism spectrum disorders
    • comorbidity
    • FOXP2
    • language
    • literacy
    • neurodevelopmental disorder
    • specific language impairment

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