The hypothetical involvement of H2O2 in dexamethasone-mediated regulation of muscle cell differentiation and elimination was studied. Rat L6 myoblasts and mouse C2C12 satellite cells were chosen for acute (24 h) and chronic (5 or 10 day) experiments. Mitogenicity and anabolism were both affected by H2O2. Micromolar concentrations of H2O2 inhibited DNA while stimulating protein synthesis. At the millimolar level, H2O2 led to cell death by apoptosis. Synthetic glucocorticoid - dexamethasone (Dex) was shown to effect muscle cell fate similarly to H2O2. Chronic treatment with H2O2 or Dex dose-dependently accelerated either the formation of myotubes or cell elimination. Dex-induced cell death slightly differed from classical apoptosis and was featured by the symptoms of cell senescence such as extensive cytoplasm vacuolisation, accumulation of inclusion-bodies and lack of low molecular weight oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation but chromatin condensation. Antioxidants (sodium ascorbate, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, catalase) abrogated Dex-dependent cell death. We conclude that H2O2 directly influences myogenesis and muscle cell elimination. Moreover, H2O2 can be considered as the potent mediator of glucocorticoid-dependent effects on muscle cells.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Reproduction Nutrition Development|
|Publication status||Published - May 2002|
- Cell death
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Muscle cell