Dialogical critical thinking

elements of definitions emerging in the analysis of transcripts from pupils aged 10 to 12 years

Marie France Daniel*, Laurence Splitter, Christina Slade, Louise Lafortune, Richard Pallascio, Pierre Mongeau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We aim to clarify Matthew Lipman's definition of critical thinking. The research project was conducted during a complete school year among eight groups of pupils from three cultural contexts: Australia, Mexico and Quebec. We worked in an inductive manner, inspired by the grounded theory approach, and analysed transcripts of the pupils' exchanges while they used a philosophical approach adapted to mathematics. Analysis of the transcripts was performed according to the characteristics of a grid that we developed elsewhere, which represented the manifestations of 'dialogical critical thinking' in pupils aged 10 to 12. From the analysis, the Lipmanian criteria (sensitivity to context thinking governed by criteria and self-correction) do not seem representative of dialogical critical thinking, although the modalities of thinking that he formulates did manifest themselves in pupils engaged in the research project.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-313
Number of pages19
JournalAustralian Journal of Education
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004

Keywords

  • Creative thinking
  • Critical thinking
  • Dialogues
  • Discourse criteria
  • Philosophy for children

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