Differences in shell strength of native and non-native oysters do not extend to size classes that are susceptible to a generalist predator

Emma M. Wilkie, Melanie J. Bishop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Whether non-native species proliferate to pest status can depend on top-down control from native predators. Among epifaunal molluscs, the shell serves as a main line of anti-predator defence and shell strength may determine the ease with which generalist predators can penetrate prey. We assessed whether, in eastern Australia, the faster growth of the non-native Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, than that of the native Saccostrea glomerata comes at the cost of reduced investment in shell thickening, rendering the non-native oyster more susceptible to a generalist predator, the muricid gastropod Morula marginalba. Laboratory tests confirmed that among larger (>50-mm shell height) oysters, the shells of C. gigas were weaker than those of similar-sized S. glomerata. There were, however, no differences in shell strength or thickness between smaller S. glomerata and C. gigas of the size consumed by M. marginalba. In the absence of shell-strength differences among smaller oysters, M. marginalba preferentially consumed native over non-native oysters. When, however, M. marginalba had no choice of prey item, C. gigas was consumed at the same rate as the native oyster. Our results add to growing evidence that the invasion of C. gigas in eastern Australian estuaries is, at present, causing minimal disruption to trophic relationships.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1201-1205
Number of pages5
JournalMarine and Freshwater Research
Volume63
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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shell (molluscs)
generalist
Crassostrea gigas
oysters
predator
shell
predators
Saccostrea glomerata
antipredator defense
top-down control
morula
rendering
trophic relationships
mollusc
gastropod
molluscs
Gastropoda
estuaries
estuary
pests

Cite this

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title = "Differences in shell strength of native and non-native oysters do not extend to size classes that are susceptible to a generalist predator",
abstract = "Whether non-native species proliferate to pest status can depend on top-down control from native predators. Among epifaunal molluscs, the shell serves as a main line of anti-predator defence and shell strength may determine the ease with which generalist predators can penetrate prey. We assessed whether, in eastern Australia, the faster growth of the non-native Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, than that of the native Saccostrea glomerata comes at the cost of reduced investment in shell thickening, rendering the non-native oyster more susceptible to a generalist predator, the muricid gastropod Morula marginalba. Laboratory tests confirmed that among larger (>50-mm shell height) oysters, the shells of C. gigas were weaker than those of similar-sized S. glomerata. There were, however, no differences in shell strength or thickness between smaller S. glomerata and C. gigas of the size consumed by M. marginalba. In the absence of shell-strength differences among smaller oysters, M. marginalba preferentially consumed native over non-native oysters. When, however, M. marginalba had no choice of prey item, C. gigas was consumed at the same rate as the native oyster. Our results add to growing evidence that the invasion of C. gigas in eastern Australian estuaries is, at present, causing minimal disruption to trophic relationships.",
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Differences in shell strength of native and non-native oysters do not extend to size classes that are susceptible to a generalist predator. / Wilkie, Emma M.; Bishop, Melanie J.

In: Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol. 63, No. 12, 2012, p. 1201-1205.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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