The non-integrin 37/67-kDa laminin receptor (LAMR1) is a complex protein with diverse functions. LAMR1 is widely expressed in epithelial cells and recently it was reported on neutrophils and a subset of activated T cells. Ligation of LAMR1 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) downregulated LPS-induced TNFα production, suggesting immune functions. However, its expression on primary monocytes remain unknown. Interestingly, LAMR1 mRNA is downregulated in PBMC of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and low gene expression is an independent predictor of poor response to anti-TNFα treatment, suggesting a role in RA pathogenesis. We found LAMR1 was constitutively expressed on all peripheral blood monocytes and a subset of B cells from healthy individuals and patients with RA and it was abundantly present in synovial tissue of patients with RA. On monocytes and synovial tissue lower levels of LAMR1 expression tended to correlate with increased disease activity scores. In vitro treatment of monocytes with IFNγ or IL-10 up-regulated surface LAMR1 in healthy individuals and patients with RA with greater effects observed in healthy individuals. Importantly, treatment with IFNγ significantly increased specific binding of monocytes to laminin-1. TNFα and IL-1β caused marginal downregulation of LAMR1 in patients but effects in controls were variable. Taken together, constitutively expressed LAMR1 on monocytes is differentially regulated by pro-inflammatory and immune-regulatory cytokines suggesting LAMR1 may regulate the threshold and amplitude of their activation and migration. Decreased levels in patients with RA may indicate loss of this potentially critical homeostatic regulation thereby contributing to the excessive inflammation.