We demonstrated recently that superoxide anion levels are elevated in prevertebral sympathetic ganglia of deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive rats and that this superoxide anion is generated by reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase. In this study we compared the reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase enzyme system of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and sympathetic celiac ganglion (CG) and its regulation in hypertension. The reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity of ganglion extracts was measured using fluorescence spectrometry of dihydroethidine; the activity in hypertensive dorsal root ganglion was 34% lower than in normotensive DRG. In contrast, activity was 79% higher in hypertensive CG than normotensive CG. mRNA for the oxidase subunits NOX1, NOX2, NOX4, p47, and p22 were present in both CG and DRG; mRNA for NOX4 was significantly higher in CG than in DRG. The levels of mRNA and protein expression of the membrane-bound catalytic subunit p22 and of the regulatory subunits p47 and Rac-1 were measured in CG and DRG in normotensive and hypertensive rats. p22 mRNA and protein expression was greater in CG of hypertensive rats but not in DRG. Compared with normotensive controls, p47 mRNA and protein, as well as Rac-1 protein, were significantly decreased in hypertensive DRG but not in CG. Immunohistochemical staining of p47 showed translocation from cytoplasm to membrane in hypertensive CG but not in hypertensive DRG. This suggests that reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activation in sympathetic neurons and sensory neurons is regulated in opposite directions in hypertension. This differential regulation may contribute to unbalanced vasomotor control and enhanced vasoconstriction in the splanchnic circulation.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2007|
- NADPH oxidase
- Sensory ganglia
- Sympathetic ganglia