Differential synthesis of fermentative aroma compounds of two related commercial wine yeast strains

Ana M. Molina, Victor Guadalupe, Cristian Varela, Jan H. Swiegers, Isak S. Pretorius, Eduardo Agosin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The specific impact of the yeast strain on the wine flavour and aroma has not been well characterised yet because this effect is usually combined with other variables during the winemaking. In this study, the contribution to wine flavour of two Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains widely used in wine production, VIN13 and EC1118, was evaluated after fermentation at 15 °C. Chemical defined grape juice media fermented with the EC1118 strain showed higher solvent, fatty and pineapple aroma attributes, while that fermented with the VIN13 strain exhibited higher banana, fruity, yeasty and green attributes. Sensorial and chemical analyses evidenced that the production of flavour-active compounds is significantly affected by the yeast strain, as well as by the temperature of fermentation, as shown by comparing the former data with those from fermentations carried out at 28 °C under identical culture conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-195
Number of pages7
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

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