Since natural and anthropogenic sources can contribute to elevated levels of metals at remote and background sites, identifying the source of a metal is an important step in environmental risk assessment. Various source apportionment procedures are available to identify metal sources, and have been used extensively to determine sources in urban settings and to a lesser extent at remote sites. However, measuring metals at remote or background sites presents unique challenges with respect to experimental design. The state of the science in monitoring techniques and source apportionment procedures is discussed in terms of limitations and applicability to remote sites, and recommendations are made on maximizing information recovery through source apportionment procedures by incorporating appropriate experimental design.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Human and Ecological Risk Assessment|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2003|
- Ecological risk assessment