Dimensions of impulsivity in healthy people, patients with borderline personality disorder, and patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Pavla Linhartová, Jan Širůček, Anastasia Ejova, Richard Barteček, Pavel Theiner, Tomáš Kašpárek*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: Impulsivity, observed in patients with various psychiatric disorders, is a heterogeneous construct with different behavioral manifestations. Through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), this study tests hypotheses about relationships between dimensions of impulsivity measured using personality questionnaires and behavioral tests. Method: The study included 200 healthy people, 40 patients with borderline personality disorder, and 26 patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who underwent a comprehensive impulsivity test battery including the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS), UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, a Go-NoGo task, a stop-signal task, and a delay discounting task. Results: A CFA model comprising three self-reported and three behavioral latent variables reached a good fit. Both patient groups scored higher in the self-reported dimensions and impulsive choice; only the ADHD patients displayed impaired waiting and stopping impulsivity. Conclusions: Using the developed CFA model, it is possible to describe relations between impulsivity dimensions and show different impulsivity patterns in patient populations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)584-595
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
    Volume25
    Issue number4
    Early online date10 Jan 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021

    Keywords

    • impulsivity
    • confirmatory factor analysis
    • latent factor model
    • borderline personality disorder
    • ADHD

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