A charge injection atomizer functions by introducing electric charge discharged from a high voltage electrode into a dielectric liquid, which subsequently atomizes the ejected liquid jet. Atomizer evolution thus far has proceeded through trial and error analysis of the experimentally measured electrical characteristics of the atomizer and of the quality of atomization. Within the atomizer, a coupled space charge and electric field exist, which can alter the internal flow pattern, thus creating electrohydrodynamic (EHD) instabilities that affect atomizer operation. Such a system has not been simulated in the past under forced flow conditions. In this work we simulate the internal flow of such a charge injection device in two dimensions; using experimental based boundary conditions. Initial results indicate that in the linear injection regime defined by the experimental data, the flow is only slightly unstable but in the transitional and highly non-linear regimes, the coupled space charge and electric field produce more instability in the liquid that must be investigated further.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2010|