Discovery of a metal-poor, luminous post-AGB Star that failed the third dredge-up

D. Kamath, H. Van Winckel, P. R. Wood, M. Asplund, A. I. Karakas, J. C. Lattanzio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Post-asymptotic giant branch (post-AGB) stars are known to be chemically diverse. In this paper we present the first observational evidence of a star that has failed the third dredge-up (TDU). J005252.87-722842.9 is an A-type (T eff = 8250 ± 250 K) luminous (8200 ± 700 L o) metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -1.18 ± 0.10) low-mass (M initial ≈ 1.5-2.0 M o) post-AGB star in the Small Magellanic Cloud. Through a systematic abundance study, using high-resolution optical spectra from UVES, we found that this likely post-AGB object shows an intriguing photospheric composition with no confirmed carbon-enhancement (upper limit of [C/Fe] < 0.50) nor enrichment of s-process elements. We derived an oxygen abundance of [O/Fe] = 0.29 ± 0.1. For Fe and O, we took the effects of nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium into account. We could not derive an upper limit for the nitrogen abundance as there are no useful nitrogen lines within our spectral coverage. The chemical pattern displayed by this object has not been observed in single or binary post-AGBs. Based on its derived stellar parameters and inferred evolutionary state, single-star nucleosynthesis models predict that this star should have undergone TDU episodes while on the AGB, and it should be carbon enriched. However, our observations are in contrast with these predictions. We identify two possible Galactic analogs that are likely to be post-AGB stars, but the lack of accurate distances (hence luminosities) to these objects does not allow us to confirm their post-AGB status. If they have low luminosities, then they are likely to be dusty post-RGB stars. The discovery of J005252.87-722842.9 reveals a new stellar evolutionary channel whereby a star evolves without any TDU episodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume836
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • magellanic Clouds
  • methods: observational
  • stars: abundances
  • stars: AGB and post-AGB
  • stars: chemically peculiar
  • stars: evolution

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