Dissociation in how core autism features relate to interoceptive dimensions: evidence from cardiac awareness in children

E. R. Palser*, A. Fotopoulou, E. Pellicano, J. M. Kilner

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)
    1 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Interoception in autism is receiving increasing research attention. Previously, differences were identified in autism on both objective and subjective measures of interoception, and an association with anxiety. Yet, it is currently unknown how interoception relates to core autism features. Here, in 49 autistic children, we consider how interoceptive accuracy (measured with heartbeat detection tasks) and sensibility (subjective judgements of awareness) relate to overall severity on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, and symptom domains of social-affective and repetitive, restricted behaviors. Socio-affective features were related to interoceptive sensibility, while repetitive restricted behaviors were related to interoceptive accuracy. This dissociation suggests disparate interoceptive mechanisms for the formation and/or maintenance of autistic features.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)572-582
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
    Volume50
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

    Keywords

    • autism
    • interoception
    • social cognition
    • affect

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