DLA and sub-DLA metallicity evolution: A case study of absorbers towards Q0338-0005

Waqas Bashir, Tayyaba Zafar, Fazeel M. Khan, Farrukh Chishtie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The damped and sub-damped Lyα systems (DLAs and sub-DLAs) traced in absorption against bright background quasars represent the main reserve of neutral hydrogen at high redshifts. We used the archival Very Large Telescope (VLT) instrument Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) high-resolution data of Q 0338-0005 (z em=3.049) to study the abundances of the DLA (z abs=2.2298) and sub-DLA (z abs=2.7457) along the line of sight. We estimated column densities of H I and various elements present in the DLA and sub-DLA through Voigt profile fitting. The DLA throgh shows the Lyα emission from its host galaxy. We derive the metallicities of the DLA and sub-DLA with [Zn/H] =−0.67±0.18 and [S/H] =−1.45±0.17, respectively. We compared our abundances of the DLA and sub-DLA with other high-resolution DLA and sub-DLA metallicities and find that both populations show an overall increase of metallicity with decreasing redshift. However, sub-DLAs have higher metallicities than the DLAs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-13
Number of pages5
JournalNew Astronomy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Galaxies; Abundances
  • Galaxies; ISM
  • Quasars; Absorption lines
  • Intergalactic medium


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