Does intellectual capital disclosure in analysts' reports vary by firm characteristics?

Subhash Abhayawansa, James Guthrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we explore how Australian sell-side financial analysts contribute to the supply of intellectual capital (IC) information in the capital market. Toward this end, we examine how types and semantic properties of IC disclosures in analyst reports vary by a number of firm-specific characteristics likely to be associated with voluntary corporate disclosure. Consistent with our expectations, we find that the uncertainty associated with forecasting firm's earnings and the IC intensity of the industry in which the firm operates are associated positively with the extent as well as several semantic properties of IC disclosure in analyst reports. Highlighting that IC disclosure in analyst reports is not always a function of the extent of IC disclosed by firm, we find a statistically significant but negative association between firm profitability and the extent and certain semantic properties of IC disclosure in analyst reports. Firm size was significantly and positively associated with only the extent of forward-looking IC disclosure. Of the three categories of IC, only relation capital disclosure varied with any of the explanatory variables. Our findings highlight the importance of analyst reports as an IC communication media that could complement corporate communications of IC not only for firms disclosing less IC information voluntarily but also for those firms known to disclose more.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-38
Number of pages13
JournalAdvances in Accounting
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Intellectual capital
  • Sell-side analyst reports
  • Semantic properties

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