Does One Health require a novel ethical framework?

Jane Johnson, Chris Degeling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) remain a significant and dynamic threat to the health of individuals and the well-being of communities across the globe. Over the last decade, in response to these threats, increasing scientific consensus has mobilised in support of a One Health (OH) approach so that OH is now widely regarded as the most effective way of addressing EID outbreaks and risks. Given the scientific focus on OH, there is growing interest in the philosophical and ethical dimensions of this approach, and a nascent OH literature is developing in the humanities. One of the key issues raised in this literature concerns ethical frameworks and whether OH merits the development of its very own ethical framework. In this paper, we argue that although the OH approach does not demand a new ethical framework (and that advocates of OH can coherently adhere to this approach while deploying existing ethical frameworks), an OH approach does furnish the theoretical resources to support a novel ethical framework, and there are benefits to developing one that may be lost in its absence. We begin by briefly explaining what an OH approach to the threats posed by EIDs entails before outlining two different ways of construing ethical frameworks. We then show that although on one account of ethical frameworks there is no need for OH to generate its own, there may be advantages for its advocates in doing so.

LanguageEnglish
Pages239-243
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of medical ethics
Volume45
Issue number4
Early online date16 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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health
Emerging Communicable Diseases
contagious disease
threat
Global Health
Health
Ethical Framework
Disease Outbreaks
well-being
demand
resources
community
Infectious Diseases
Threat
literature

Keywords

  • bioethics
  • decision making
  • frameworks
  • one health
  • public health ethics

Cite this

Johnson, Jane ; Degeling, Chris. / Does One Health require a novel ethical framework?. In: Journal of medical ethics. 2019 ; Vol. 45, No. 4. pp. 239-243.
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Does One Health require a novel ethical framework? / Johnson, Jane; Degeling, Chris.

In: Journal of medical ethics, Vol. 45, No. 4, 04.2019, p. 239-243.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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