Drivers of durable peace: the role of justice in negotiating civil war termination

Lynn Wagner*, Daniel Druckman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Attaining durable peace after a civil war has become a major challenge, as many negotiated settlements relapse into violence. How can civil war negotiations be conducted and peace agreements formulated so as to contribute to lasting, durable peace? Previous research has focused on the durability of peace agreements, measured as the absence of violence. This study develops an index to measure durable peace for a period of 8 years after the agreement had been reached, and evaluates the new measure using an existing data set. We ask whether impacts on durable peace are similar or different to those found for the durability of agreements. This question suggests a number of hypotheses that are evaluated with 16 cases of peace agreements. Stable agreements are shown to mediate the relationship between equality provisions in peace agreements and durable peace, and to also mediate the relationship between procedural justice and the reconciliation component of durable peace. Interestingly, economic stability is not a dividend of peace agreements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-67
Number of pages23
JournalGroup Decision and Negotiation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Bibliographical note

Erratum can be found in Group Decision and Negotiation Volume 26(1), 69,


  • civil war negotiations
  • conflict environment
  • distributive justice
  • durable peace
  • equality
  • procedural justice
  • stable agreements


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