Dry Reforming of Model Biogas on a Ni/SiO2 Catalyst: Overall Performance and Mechanisms of Sulfur Poisoning and Regeneration

Xuejing Chen, Jianguo Jiang*, Feng Yan, Kaimin Li, Sicong Tian, Yuchen Gao, Hui Zhou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon-neutral application of renewable biogas to valuable chemical raw materials has received much attention in sustainable areas, while sulfur poisoning remains a big problem in biogas dry reforming process. In this work, sulfur deactivation and regeneration performance of a Ni/SiO2 catalyst in model biogas dry reforming and related mechanisms were studied. The effects of H2S content (50 and 100 ppm) and reaction temperature (700-800 °C) on biogas dry reforming were investigated. Three regeneration methods (H2S feeding cessation, temperature-programmed calcination (TPC), and O2 activation) were applied. The results showed that the presence of H2S caused server deactivation in catalytic activity, and higher H2S content led to faster deactivation. The deactivation was not reversed simply by stopping H2S feeding and TPC, but O2 activation could totally recover deactivated catalysts. The formation of Ni7S6, detected for the first time in biogas conditioning catalytic processes, confirmed by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, led to sulfur poisoning, as well as catalyst sintering and carbon deposition. This work revealed that sulfur poisoning and regeneration mechanism is the formation and elimination of Ni7S6, and concluded that oxygen activation was the most effective method for reviving the catalytic activity, preventing sintering, and reducing carbon deposition. These findings will contribute to the industrial application of syngas production from biogas dry reforming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10248-10257
Number of pages10
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Biogas
  • Dry reforming
  • Nickel sulfide (Ni-S)
  • Regeneration
  • Sulfur poisoning


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