Dual diversified dynamical Gaussian process latent variable model for video repairing

Hao Xiong, Tongliang Liu, Dacheng Tao, Heng Tao Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose a dual diversified dynamical Gaussian process latent variable model (D3GPLVM) to tackle the video repairing issue. For preservation purposes, videos have to be conserved on media. However, storing on media, such as films and hard disks, can suffer from unexpected data loss, for instance, physical damage. So repairing of missing or damaged pixels is essential for better video maintenance. Most methods seek to fill in missing holes by synthesizing similar textures from local patches (the neighboring pixels), consecutive frames, or the whole video. However, these can introduce incorrect contexts, especially when the missing hole or number of damaged frames is large. Furthermore, simple texture synthesis can introduce artifacts in undamaged and recovered areas. To address aforementioned problems, we introduce two diversity encouraging priors to both of inducing points and latent variables for considering the variety in existing videos. In D3GPLVM, the inducing points constitute a smaller subset of observed data, while latent variables are a low-dimensional representation of observed data. Since they have a strong correlation with the observed data, it is essential that both of them can capture distinct aspects of and fully represent the observed data. The dual diversity encouraging priors ensure that the trained inducing points and latent variables are more diverse and resistant for context-aware and artifacts-free-based video repairing. The defined objective function in our proposed model is initially not analytically tractable and must be solved by variational inference. Finally, experimental testing results illustrate the robustness and effectiveness of our method for damaged video repairing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7479456
Pages (from-to)3626-3637
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • diversity prior
  • inducing points
  • latect variable


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