A statistical training study is reported which demonstrates that analytic responding on everyday reasoning problems can be increased after instruction in statistical principles. Participants were given training on the Law of Large Numbers (Fong, Krantz and Nisbett, 1986). Bias was eliminated, but only on written justifications of their responses. Belief based responding was still utilized when participants were asked for a quick indication of argument strength on a rating scale, thus demonstrating a dissociation between analytic and belief-based responding. Findings are discussed in terms of dual process theories of reasoning.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society|
|Editors||Bruno G. Bara, Lawrence Barsalou, Monica Bucciarelli|
|Place of Publication||Mahwah, New Jersey|
|Publisher||Cognitive Science Society|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
|Event||Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (27th : 2005) - Stresa, Italy|
Duration: 21 Jul 2005 → 23 Jul 2005
|Conference||Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (27th : 2005)|
|Period||21/07/05 → 23/07/05|
- dual processes
- critical thinking
- belief-motivated reasoning
- Law of Large Numbers
Neilens, H. L., Handley, S. J., & Newstead, S. E. (2005). Dual processes and training in statistical principles. In B. G. Bara, L. Barsalou, & M. Bucciarelli (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1612-1617). Mahwah, New Jersey: Cognitive Science Society.