Duplex microfluidic SERS detection of pathogen antigens with nanoyeast single-chain variable fragments

Yuling Wang, Sakandar Rauf, Yadveer S. Grewal, Lauren J. Spadafora, Muhammad J A Shiddiky, Gerard A. Cangelosi, Sebastian Schlücker*, Matt Trau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quantitative and accurate detection of multiple biomarkers would allow for the rapid diagnosis and treatment of diseases induced by pathogens. Monoclonal antibodies are standard affinity reagents applied for biomarkers detection; however, their production is expensive and labor-intensive. Herein, we report on newly developed nanoyeast single-chain variable fragments (NYscFv) as an attractive alternative to monoclonal antibodies, which offers the unique advantage of a cost-effective production, stability in solution, and target-specificity. By combination of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) microspectroscopy using glass-coated, highly purified SERS nanoparticle clusters as labels, with a microfluidic device comprising multiple channels, a robust platform for the sensitive duplex detection of pathogen antigens has been developed. Highly sensitive detection for individual Entamoeba histolytica antigen EHI115350 (limit of detection = 1 pg/mL, corresponding to 58.8 fM) and EHI182030 (10 pg/mL, corresponding 453 fM) with high specificity has been achieved, employing the newly developed corresponding NYscFv as probe in combination with SERS microspectroscopy at a single laser excitation wavelength. Our first report on SERS-based immunoassays using the novel NYscFv affinity reagent demonstrates the flexibility of NYscFv fragments as viable alternatives to monoclonal antibodies in a range of bioassay platforms and paves the way for further applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9930-9938
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume86
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

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    Wang, Y., Rauf, S., Grewal, Y. S., Spadafora, L. J., Shiddiky, M. J. A., Cangelosi, G. A., ... Trau, M. (2014). Duplex microfluidic SERS detection of pathogen antigens with nanoyeast single-chain variable fragments. Analytical Chemistry, 86(19), 9930-9938. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac5027012