A stratified sample of normal infants born at term at Johannesburg Hospital, who attended the hospital for a routine 6-week follow-up visit, were selected to include 43 infants who were exclusively breast-fed, 42 fed a low-sodium formula and 39 fed a high-sodium formula (>10 mmol sodium/l). Dynamic skinfold thickness measurements (DSTM), designed to assess the amount of interstitial fluid, were performed on each infant by the application of a skinfold caliper for a 3-second sampling period at two sites. The curves generated by these applications were recorded and analysed by microcomputer. There were no differences between any of the feeding groups for DSTM measurements of blood pressure suggesting that the range of sodium ingested by these groups of infants had no significant effects on extracellular water content. However, using multiple linear regression, both DSTM and blood pressure were best predicted by body weight and not by age or any other anthropometric measurement. Thus the normal postnatal decrease in extracellular fluid volume and increase in blood pressure appears to be most closely related to an increase in body weight.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||South African Medical Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|