Dynamics of excited states of the carotenoid peridinin in polar solvents: Dependence on excitation wavelength, viscosity, and temperature

Donatas Zigmantas, Roger G. Hiller, Arkady Yartsev, Villy Sundström, Toḿš Polívka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamics of the excited states of the carotenoid peridinin in polar solvents were studied using femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy in the spectral range of 500-1900 nm. A broadening of the absorption spectrum in polar solvents is caused by a distribution of conformers having different ground-state properties. In addition, the dependence of the peridinin lifetime on the excitation wavelength reveals that two peridinin forms coexist in protic solvents, where a "red"-absorbing form is produced by hydrogen bonding via the carbonyl group. The observed dynamics show that the Si and intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) states of peridinin are strongly coupled, forming a collective S1/ICT state whose lifetime is determined by the degree of ICT character. In nonpolar solvent, pure S1 character with a lifetime of ∼ 160 ps is observed, whereas in polar solvents an increase in the ICT character leads to a lifetime as short as 10 ps in methanol and 13 ps in ethylene glycol. In protic solvents, the ICT character of the S1/ICT state of the red peridinin form is further enhanced by hydrogen bonding, resulting in lifetimes shorter than 6 ps. A weak dependence of peridinin dynamics on viscosity shows that the ICT state is not formed via a twisted ICT mechanism. At 190 K in methanol, a significant increase in the S1/ICT lifetime is observed, suggesting that thermal coupling is involved in the S1/ICT state mixing. At 77 K in ethylene glycol glass, a multiexponential decay is revealed, indicating the presence of several conformers with different S1/ICT state properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5339-5348
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume107
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2003

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