Division of the post-Alexander world did not lead to a cessation of hostilities. Competition for influence in the Aegean Greek world led to several substantial naval engagements, while competing claims to Palestine and Syria resulted in a series of “Syrian” wars between Ptolemies and Seleucids. One result of these protracted conflicts, which diminished Macedonian resources and forced the successor kingdoms to rely increasingly on non-Greek forces, was the emergence of other powers: the Parthians on the Iranian plateau and Pergamum in western Asia Minor, where Gallic migrants had been threatening the safety of Greek cities.
|Title of host publication||The Encyclopedia of Ancient Battles|
|Editors||Michael Whitby, Harry Sidebottom|
|Place of Publication||Chichester|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 31 May 2017|