The present paper discusses the different clinical manifestations of acquired disorders of reading and writing from a neurocognitive viewpoint. Based on a specific functional architecture of reading and writing -a cognitive model; presented as well- the different syndromes of acquired dyslexias and dysgraphias, that have been described in the specialized literature during the last 25 years, will be reviewed. The different pathologies are distributed along three different functional axes: a plurimodal component, including the semantic system, for the description of peripheric disorders of reading and writing; a lexical block which is justified by the findings in patients with surface dyslexia/dysgraphia; and a third, sublexical component, in order to illustrate the different functional impairments in phonological dyslexia/dysgraphia. Following the description of syndromes due to selective 'functional lesions', we discuss deep dyslexia/dysgraphia, a syndrome due to multiple functional lesions. All of the syndromes will be justified and discussed with respect to the different components of the functional architecture presented and are based on cases of the literature and personal observations. Concluding remarks will evaluate the new insights gained by the presented functional architecture in relation to other cognitive models for the analysis of reading aloud and writing to dictation of single words.
|Translated title of the contribution||Dyslexias and dysgraphies acquired under the prism of cognitive neuropsychology: A model for the Castillian language|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2000|
- Acquired dyslexias and dysgraphias
- Cognitive neuropsychology