This study evaluates the effects of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 receptor (IGF-1R) down-regulation in stimulated T lymphocytes by investigating the expression of early activation proteins CD69, CD25, and interleukin (IL)-2. We found that IGF-1 does not modify CD69 expression but increases transcription and protein synthesis of CD25 and IL-2. The lowest level of IGF-1R detected after 15 min of activation suggested that the effects of IGF-1 occur at the initiation of cell activation. The activation of IGF-1R was confirmed by IGF-1R phosphorylation and increased phosphorylation of microtubule-associated protein kinase. We also detected the alternative IGF-1 transcripts Ea, with paracrine/autocrine regulation, and Eb, with endocrine regulation, in Jurkat cells and in quiescent T lymphocytes, and we detected IGF-1 protein in the culture medium after stimulation. These data suggest that the proliferative effects of IGF-1 on T lymphocytes include both autocrine/paracrine and endocrine processes.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Leukocyte Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- IGF-1 mRNA
- IGF-1 receptor