Early spreading history of the Indian Ocean between India and Australia

B. D. Johnson*, C. McA Powell, J. J. Veevers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A revised model of seafloor spreading between India and Australia from the inception of spreading 125 m.y. to the change to a new system at 90 m.y. stems from the wider recognition of the M-series of magnetic anomalies off the southwestern margin of Australia, from a revised pole of opening between Australia and Antarctica, and by the extension in the central Wharton Basin of the Late Cretaceous set of magnetic anomalies back to 34. The phase of spreading represented by the later anomalies has been extended back to 90 m.y. in order to give a resolved pole that describes the rotation of India from Australia consistent with the M-series anomalies, DSDP site ages, and fracture zone trends. An abandoned spreading ridge in the Cuvier Abyssal Plain indicates a ridge jump within the first ten million years of spreading. Elsewhere, two kinds of ridge jump (one to the continental margin of Australia or India, the other by propagation of the spreading ridge into adjacent compartments thereby causing them to fuse), are postulated to account for other observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-143
Number of pages13
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1980

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