Ecological and morphological traits predict depth-generalist fishes on coral reefs

Tom C L Bridge*, Osmar J. Luiz, Richard R. Coleman, Corinne N. Kane, Randall K. Kosaki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ecological communities that occupy similar habitats may exhibit functional convergence despite significant geographical distances and taxonomic dissimilarity. On coral reefs, steep gradients in key environmental variables (e.g. light and wave energy) restrict some species to shallow depths. We show that depth-generalist reef fishes are correlated with two species-level traits: caudal fin aspect ratio and diet. Fishes with high aspect ratio (lunate) caudal fins produce weaker vortices in the water column while swimming, and we propose that ‘silent swimming’ reduces the likelihood of detection and provides an advantage on deeper reefs with lower light irradiance and water motion. Significant differences in depth preference among trophic guilds reflect variations in the availability of different food sources along a depth gradient. The significance of these two traits across three geographically and taxonomically distinct assemblages suggests that deep-water habitats exert a strong environmental filter on coral reef-fish assemblages.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20152332
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume283
Issue number1823
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Aspect ratio
  • Caudal fin
  • Depth range
  • Environmental filtering
  • Mesophotic
  • Trophic guild

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