Ecology of the flap-necked chameleon Chamaeleo dilepis in Southern Africa

Leeann T. Reaney, Stephen Yee, Jonathan B. Losos, Martin J. Whiting

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We quantified sexual size dimorphism, reproduction, and diet in the flap-necked chameleon, Chamaeleo dilepis, using museum specimens. Females were larger than males in both snout-vent length (SVL) and pelvic width. The smallest sexually reproductive female was 80 mm SVL, whereas the smallest mature male was 60 mm. Female body size also correlated with clutch size (mean: 44.2, range: 19–74) and volume, suggesting the female-biased size dimorphism may be the product of fecundity selection. Males and females have slightly asynchronous reproductive cycles but breed during spring–summer. Chamaeleo dilepis feeds on a range of arthropods, but their diet is dominated both numerically and volumetrically by orthopterans, followed by coleopterans.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-18
    Number of pages18
    Issue number532
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Chamaeleo dilepis
    • sexual dimorphism
    • reproduction
    • diet
    • flap-necked chameleon


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