Economic impacts of illness in older workers: quantifying the impact of illness on income, tax revenue and government spending

Deborah J. Schofield, Rupendra N. Shrestha, Richard Percival, Megan E. Passey, Simon J. Kelly, Emily J. Callander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Long term illness has far reaching impacts on individuals, and also places a large burden upon government. This paper quantifies the indirect economic impacts of illness related early retirement on individuals and government in Australia in 2009. Methods. The output data from a microsimulation model, Health&WealthMOD, was analysed. Health&WealthMOD is representative of the 45 to 64 year old Australian population in 2009. The average weekly total income, total government support payments, and total taxation revenue paid, for individuals who are employment full-time, employed part-time and not in the labour force due to ill health was quantified. Results: It was found that persons out of the labour force due to illness had significantly lower incomes ($218 per week as opposed to $1167 per week for those employed full-time), received significantly higher transfer payments, and paid significantly less tax than those employed full-time or part-time. This results in an annual national loss of income of over $17 billion, an annual national increase of $1.5 billion in spending on government support payments, and an annual loss of $2.1 billion in taxation revenue. Conclusions: Illness related early retirement has significant economic impacts on both the individual and on governments as a result of lost income, lost taxation revenue and increased government support payments. This paper has quantified the extent of these impacts for Australia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number418
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2011. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Economic impacts of illness in older workers: quantifying the impact of illness on income, tax revenue and government spending'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this